The lifelikeness was a primary concern in the European Art before Cubism. For several centuries, Art is evolving and there’s no question concerning this idea or concept. Impressionists who are known to take a step of changes in the history of painting and dedicated to light and capturing the temporary impressions are also facing the same dilemma. How could we put the world on the canvas?
In 20th century, Cubism was regarded as an extremely influential visual arts style that gave emphasis on flat, plane’s two-dimensional surface along with the depiction of fragmented objects where several sides could be seen at the same time. Spanish painter Pablo Picasso and and French painter Georges Braque created Cubism somewhat between 1907 and 1914. Cubism rejected the conventional techniques of perspective, modeling, foreshortening, and the traditional concept of imitating nature. More often, cubist paintings show human face and figures, letters, musical instruments, bottles, newspapers, pitchers, glasses, still lifes.
With the advent and development of photography, artists are being so challenged in keeping visual arts alive, valuable and relevant in the modern world. Photography captures perfect and accurate visual images easily and quickly than artworks. Then, Pablo Picasso has a very simple response. He thought that the core of Art made up of particular elements such as line, plane, color and light are not meant to serve the nature by imitating or reproducing their images. The external world only offers as an avenue to the increasing expression of the creator. This liberal concept gives way to the rejection of realistic or life-like imitation of the object-oriented world.
During the early times of Cubism, Picasso started to simplify and roughen the outlines of objects and figures which were influenced by Iberian and African art. In the painting, ‘Bread and Fruit Dish’, you can see on a table, a top view on the dish and fruits. Meanwhile, the inverted cup can be seen from the side and a little bit from the bottom up and the bottom is barely seen. Picasso manipulated the art elements in order to paint what he wants.